Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is essential for all known forms of life. These molecules carry the genetic instructions used in the development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms.
In recent years, scientists have been successful in deciphering and annotating the genomes of a multitude of animal species. This has led to the discovery of many novel gene sequences. With the help of modern analytical methods, it is possible to attribute a function to some of these newly discovered genes. These novel findings and discoveries can be used to identify a connection between the observed effect in nature and specific DNA molecules.